The Informel art movement was a European postwar modern art movement that emerged in the 1950s and continued to develop in the 1960s. It was characterized by a rejection of the traditional conventions of art, such as realism and abstract expressionism, in favor of a more intuitive, gestural, and spontaneous approach to creating art. The term “informel” was first used in 1952 by French art critic Michel Tapié to refer to artworks created with a “free” or “unconstrained” approach. This approach to art was seen as a rejection of the more formal and structured conventions of art, as well as a way to express the feelings of alienation and existential angst that were so prevalent in the post-war era.
Informel artists often used non-traditional materials and techniques, such as dripping and pouring paint, to create a sense of spontaneity and energy in their work. Paintings created with this approach often have an organic, abstract, and expressive quality to them, and often have a dynamic quality that is reminiscent of action painting. The use of gestural techniques also allowed the artist to express their innermost feelings and emotions in a way that was more direct and immediate than traditional art forms.
In addition to utilizing new techniques and materials, Informel artists also experimented with new forms and formats. Many of the artworks created during this period were large-scale compositions, which were designed to be experienced as an immersive environment. In addition, many of the works of this period had an improvisational quality to them, often involving the use of improvisational techniques such as chance operations and collage.
Informel artists also sought to challenge the traditional conventions of art, and to create works that were more open-ended and free-flowing. They rejected the idea of a single artistic style, instead favoring a more eclectic approach that embraced a range of styles and forms. This approach often resulted in works that could be seen as a synthesis of different styles, forms, and materials. This approach to art also allowed for more freedom and experimentation, as the artist was no longer tied to a specific style or form.
The Informel art movement was a major influence on the development of post-war European modern art, and its influence can still be seen in the works of contemporary artists. The movement’s emphasis on spontaneity and improvisation, as well as its rejection of traditional artistic conventions, helped to create a new form of art that was more expressive and open-ended. The use of non-traditional materials and techniques also allowed artists to explore new ways of creating art, and to create works that were more personal and expressive. The Informel art movement helped to create a new form of modern art that was more open-ended, personal, and expressive.