Alexander Calder's Biography
Alexander Calder was an American sculptor, painter, and printmaker. He is best known for his large, abstract sculptures, which incorporated movable parts. Calder's works are often considered to be part of the Surrealism and Abstraction-Création movements. He is also well known for his kinetic art, which utilizes motion and sound to create a dynamic visual experience. He was born in 1898 in New York City and attended the Stevens Institute of Technology but left after two years to pursue his art career. Calder's first major works were mobiles, or abstract sculptures with moving parts, which he first developed in the 1930s. He was also a prolific painter and printmaker, creating works in a variety of styles. Calder's work has been featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions throughout the world, including a major retrospective in 2022 at the Greenberg Gallery in Saint Louis, MO. He passed away in 1976 in New York City.